[lttng-dev] making liburcu and lttng coexist in a LGPL'ed program
jlayton at redhat.com
Mon Dec 3 12:58:31 EST 2018
On Wed, 2018-11-28 at 17:06 -0500, Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
> ----- On Nov 27, 2018, at 1:17 PM, Jeff Layton jlayton at redhat.com wrote:
> > The nfs-ganesha project has used lttng for quite some time to handle
> > tracing. Recently though, we decided to start building liburcu in as a
> > mandatory component, with an eye toward using it in certain areas.
> > Before this change, the code linked in liburcu-bp directly, but now we
> > just use liburcu. Unfortunately, when we enable tracepoints in the build
> > now, we get errors like this at link time:
> > --------------------8<----------------
> > [ 96%] Linking C executable ganesha.nfsd
> > /usr/bin/ld: libMainServices.a(nfs_worker_thread.c.o): undefined reference to
> > symbol 'rcu_gp_bp'
> > /usr/bin/ld: //usr/lib64/liburcu-bp.so.6: error adding symbols: DSO missing from
> > command line
> > collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
> > make: *** [MainNFSD/CMakeFiles/ganesha.nfsd.dir/build.make:308:
> > MainNFSD/ganesha.nfsd] Error 1
> > make: *** [CMakeFiles/Makefile2:2740:
> > MainNFSD/CMakeFiles/ganesha.nfsd.dir/all] Error 2
> > make: *** [Makefile:152: all] Error 2
> > --------------------8<----------------
> > nfs-ganesha defines _LGPL_SOURCE, and that makes lttng use the
> > redefinitions in tracepoint-rcu.h. If I disable _LGPL_SOURCE, it all
> > builds as expected.
> > I found a similar bug here:
> > https://bugs.lttng.org/issues/1156
> > Any thoughts on the right fix for this? We'd like to eat our cake and
> > have it too, so that we can have _LGPL_SOURCE defined, lttng enabled,
> > and the urcu flavor be determined at runtime.
> It's great to hear that feedback. Indeed you are not the first one
> to hit this unfortunate limitation of liburcu API.
> The use-case involves using many liburcu flavors within the same
> compile unit _with_ _LGPL_SOURCE defined. All the tricks done
> in urcu/map/*.h to map all flavors to a single API conflict
> with that use-case. And the fact that the "mb", memb", and
> signal flavors all share the same header prevents this
> even further. This becomes a real issue when trying to use
> the lttng-ust tracer instrumentation (which includes urcu-bp.h)
> along with other liburcu flavors in a compile unit.
> So, I took the day to hack something out: beware, it's a complete
> overhaul of the liburcu tree. You can try it out in this private
> development branch:
> Note: don't even try to follow the git commit history at the
> moment, this will need editing. ;)
> A new unit test shows how it works:
> And while I was there, I did a lot of namespacing cleanups for the
> APIs, so we'll _definitely_ need to bump the major soname for this.
> However, I'm keeping the main use-cases of the API backward compatible
> (those which relied on the API mapping). Here is a dev branch of
> lttng-ust adapting to those API changes:
> Those who want to be able to use many liburcu flavors in a single
> compile unit would need to define URCU_NO_API_MAP, and use each flavor
> namespace directly, as done in the new unit test. I'm not particularly
> fond of the URCU_NO_API_MAP name. We could perhaps name it "URCU_MULTI_FLAVOR"
> or something else...
> Please try it out and let me know how it goes.
Sorry for the delay, but this was rather difficult to test. I ended up
building a userspace-rcu package from this tree, but was unable to
build lttng-ust as a package from your tree, and so had to just do a
make/make install of it on the build host. Ditto for lttng-tools.
With all of that, I reran the ganesha build and got the same error:
[ 97%] Linking C executable ganesha.nfsd
/usr/bin/ld: libMainServices.a(nfs_worker_thread.c.o): undefined reference to symbol 'urcu_bp_register'
/usr/bin/ld: //usr/lib64/liburcu-bp.so.7: error adding symbols: DSO missing from command line
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [MainNFSD/CMakeFiles/ganesha.nfsd.dir/build.make:288: MainNFSD/ganesha.nfsd] Error 1
make: *** [CMakeFiles/Makefile2:2396: MainNFSD/CMakeFiles/ganesha.nfsd.dir/all] Error 2
make: *** [Makefile:152: all] Error 2
Should we be passing in both -lurcu and -lurcu-bp on the link here?
Jeff Layton <jlayton at redhat.com>
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